Helm ergonomics, Steve Dashew style
Cochise is certainly eye-catching, and especially so when you realize that you’re looking at the personal cruising “dream machine” of a remarkably innovative designer, engineer, and mariner with hundreds of thousands of offshore miles under sail and power. Fortunately, Steve Dashew is also an outstanding photographer and a motivated blogger, so you too can learn about the evolution of his FPB (Friggin Power Boat) series in deep detail at SetSail.com.
But you may also notice that the Dashews announced their retirement from FPB building in September 2017 (while also posting a grand photo history of their half-century afloat together). Well, I’m here to tell you that Steve’s relentless quest to make a good boat better has definitely not retired. Even though the navigation setup inside that huge combination flying bridge and pilot house was brand new state-of-the-art in 2016, it’s been so radically modified since then that I burst into uncontrollable giggling on first sight.
And while the FPB designs are exotic world cruisers well beyond most of our budgets, I think that Steve Dashew’s fresh thinking on helm ergonomics — perhaps best defined as “the process of designing or arranging workplaces, products and systems so that they fit the people who use them” — is a good story with wide applications.
So let’s start with the original FPB, the 83-foot Wind Horse, on which Steve and Linda cruised 50,000 miles. Obviously the prototype worked out, and the essential idea of a long, lean low-maintenance hull with a luxurious “great room” combo galley, salon, and lower helm is common to all five designs. But look how the flying bridge evolved. By the time I first visited the Dashews aboard in 2011, it had already gotten a permanent soft enclosure, and Steve wasn’t done.
When the Dashews again stopped by Maine on their way to “the ice” in 2012, Steve was working on ways to get more nav electronics up where they most liked to drive the boat. (Note too his willingness to experiment with off-the-shelf consumer monitors.) In fact, Steve had already envisioned what he dubbed the Matrix Deck earlier that year for his Wicked FPB 97 design, and was soon noodling Matrix ideas for the FPB 78 Dream Machine though they’d evolved quite a bit by 2015 and…
…were still a little different when the first 78 Cochise came out of the New Zealand yard in 2016 (and almost immediately sauntered across the Pacific). This photo is from an excellent MV Dirona entry about a Cochise demo ride in Florida, and Bill Parlatore has also deeply covered FPB 781 at Following Seas. This 781 matrix deck helm is certainly a big advance beyond Wind Horse, and I particularly like the starboard cut out so that you can stand close to the front windows for better visibility and also hopefully away from electronics glare and reflections at night. (On Gizmo, the forward companionway down to the galley provides a similar view I’ve learned to appreciate greatly.)
But if I’d kept up with Steve’s SetSail entries early last year, I would have known that he completely tore out Cochise’s original matrix helm setup, largely in pursuit of optimal night vision. As he’d learned from the large TVs installed near the lower helm in both his FPBs, a big screen can also be great for navigation and they don’t mess up night vision if they’re installed low and vertical. And he’d also experimented with numerous prototypes trying to make the new helm work while either standing or sitting.
However, even if I’d read those SetSail entries before climbing up to the revised matrix deck last summer, I still would have gotten giddy with astonishment I’m pretty sure. Please click large the panorama above to better see what I mean, as in: Holy Cow! Those three huge monitors are readable from most anywhere on the bridge and yet they don’t impede the 360-degree window view. There’s also more floor space, you can stand close to any of the windows, and the screens swing and/or tilt for different use modes.
For instance, if Cochise was underway in this exercise machine demo, Steve might have swung the two 55-inch monitors out for better sight angles, and note that they can stream various onboard cameras as well as the Simrad NSO evo3 navigation and Maretron monitoring seen in my photos. Note too how he can reach a boxed set of engine, rudder and autopilot controls which is on a long cable bundle and thus can be moved around when docking. It’s a gym, it’s a lounge, it’s a pilot house…action oriented flexible ergonomics at work!
And did you notice that the control head on the recumbent exercise bike is upside down? That’s so Steve can see the screens better and, more importantly, not lose his view through the forward windows. Please don’t let the supposed distraction of big screens distract you. When the nav windows and physical ergonomics are set up right — reliable alarms help too — you can focus on what’s outside the boat.
Here’s Steve at the main navigation monitor, a 49-inch touchscreen which can easily be adjusted anywhere from verticle to horizontal, and I’m happy to add that I got to try it out underway. Better yet, in terms of testing, the short and easy Sunday afternoon cruise to Rockland turned out more challenging.
The goal had been to see the 115-foot replica Viking longship Draken Harald Hårfagre make a grand entrance into Rockland, but when she was delayed by foul winds and a balky diesel, we headed out of the Bay toward an AIS-assisted rendezvous. The fog came in thick sometimes, the seas built as we entered open waters, and Luis Soltero really was pretty serious as he maneuvered Cochise while Steve took photos from a wing deck.
But though neither Luis nor I were familiar with driving a big boat with a rudder joystick — my early 70’s time in offshore oilfield vessels excepted — we both fell rapidly in love with Steve’s latest helm setup. It may look over-the-top, but it works really well.
In this scene, for instance, I’m dodging lobster trap buoys and lobster boats in the somewhat tortuous Muscle Ridge Channel while comfortably seated because I could still see out of the boat well, or still easily reference radar and chart when I wanted to stand up for a closer look in any direction. And if a 12-inch touchscreen MFD is invariably easier to use than the same interface at 7 inches, imagine how well 49 inches work.
I could, in fact, run the Simrad nav screens with my big toes, including the handy Autopilot bar at left, though in this situation I usually had the screen near horizontal, like a magic chart table. (And, incidentally, Steve has gotten over his concerns about Simrad’s Halo radar and is also liking ForwardScan.)
I don’t know if the helm setup on Cochise will be changed again next summer — Steve seemed fairly satisfied, at least last July — but I’m not suggesting that we should direct copy his design ideas anyway. What I find most inspirational is his willingness to defy conventions to get the ergonomics that suit he and Linda, and the way they use their Friggin Power Boat, and even to replace one solution with another. Thank you, Mr. Dashew.
PS I recall a valuable discussion about helm ergonomics in Dave Gerr’s excellent The Nature of Boats…
…and I also like this Eric Sorensen piece in Soundings:
“somewhat tortuous” – that’s one way to describe it…. 🙂 If you could do that passage sitting down, I’d say they’ve succeeded.
Gee Ben, and here Victoria and I thought we were doing pretty well taking our two Dahon Mariner folding bikes off the boat in Solomons and going for a 300 mile RT on the GAP bike trail in MD and PA…. In our defense tho, we DID have Garmin cycling computers mounted that, like Steve’s displays, also did not block our view!!!!!
We are obviously such wusses… We’ll try harder next time… 😉
Looks like a great adventure to me… https://gaptrail.org/
The GAP is always a fun adventure and to my mind, it is the best Rails to Trail in the US. I’ve ridden eight times and always love it. It perfectly maintained and the small towns that were revived by the Trail’s completion are such a hoot. It’s a very, very easy and fun ride.
OTOH, I peddled San Diego to St Augustine in 2014. http://dgpete-c2c.blogspot.com/
That was a tad tougher! 😉
I just learned from Steve that he made more modifications since leaving Maine:
“We are finally done with the layout, now, and things have changed somewhat again. I will get you a few pics when I get Cochise back The water a week from now.
Ended up with four big screens. Once you get used to data sets on their own screens it’s hard to go back.
We added a second NSO processor since you were aboard. This as both backup and it gives us the ability to have four individually controlled views of data. Each screen/processor has its Simrada OP 50 controller.
The console itself is a touch larger and now has a switch/fuse panel for all 12/24v items easily accessible on its side.
We added a second Simrad ST80 steering control to the port side of the console so you can run the boat from either chair.”
As a former motorsport engineer I am constantly amazed at the ergonomic mess on most sailboats. A sailboat is a fatiguing workplace and full of trip hazards unlike most other environments.
I designed a custom helm where all our instrumentation, controls and comms needed underway are located in one place. This exercise is not trivial but crucial to safe passage making and to ensure our situational awareness is optimized.
Installing a custom helm to contain modern electronics, multiple levels of redundancy and routing wiring throughout a 1984 era vessel is no trivial undertaking.
Your posts are always informative but this one was special. It really moves boats into the starship bridge in both imagination and capability.
I agree with you about FBP, although I have only a virtual exposure IMHO if money was no object such a craft would be my vessel.
Steve Dashew claims that Cochise’s remarkable upper helm “is finally done (and we mean it this time)!” and he detailed the results here:
How do those big screens dim for night passages? While I understand that based on their position they would not reflect on the windows, I can speak from experience that consumer display backlights will ruin your night vision even if the screen is mostly black (e.g., on a Maretron display).